Karate-Do: My way of Life
Karate-Do Kyohan: The Master Text
Nyumon: The Master Introductory Text
Jutsu: The original teachings of Master Funakoshi
Founder of Shotokan Karate
Blackbelt Magazine's Significant
Blackbelt Magazine's Black
Belt Award winner
(船越 義珍 Funakoshi Gichin, 1868–1957) was an Okinawan karate master who
formally introduced karate to the Japanese mainland in 1921.
His son, Funakoshi Yoshitaka modernized the system of karate that he
originally developed. This was accomplished predominately by lowering
the height of some techniques such as zuki (punches), shoto uke (knife
hand strike) and adding kicking techniques above the waist.
it came to be called, was influenced by kendo distancing and timings.
Shotokan is named after Gichin Funakosi's pen name, Shoto, which means
pine waves or wind in the pines. Shotokan means Shoto's house or Shoto's
school. Funakoshi had trained in both of the popular styles of Okinawan
karate of the time: Shorei-ryu and Shorin-ryu
In 1936 Funakoshi built the first Shotokan dojo in Tokyo. He changed the
name of karate to mean empty hand instead of China hand, which sound the
same but are written differently. His doing this upset some Okinawans,
and afterwards, he never returned.
This eventually led to the creation of the Japan Karate Association (JKA)
in 1955 with Funakoshi named as the chief instructor, however, Funakoshi
was not supportive of all of the changes that the organization made to
his karate. He remained in Tokyo until his death in April 1957, aged 88.
After World War 2, Funakoshi's surviving students (largely consisting of
university students) formalized his teachings into a style that grew to
be called Shotokan (松涛館 Shōtōkan), literally, the house of pine waves.
Shoto refers to the pen name that Funakoshi used when writing poetry,
and Kan refers to the hall or building where the students of Shoto
Funakoshi published several books on karate, including his
autobiography- Karate-Do: My Way of Life.
Shotokan Karate Association