of Tae Kwon Do
Tae Kwon Do with other enthusiasts
Taekwondo Headquarters - Kukkiwon
Tae Kwon Do Organizations
The 5 original Tae Kwon Do Kwans
Chung Do Kwan - founded in 1944 by Won Kyuk
LEE, who had studied Shotokan karate with Gichin Funakoshi in Japan,
and later called his art Tang Soo Do.
Moo Duk Kwan - founded after 1946 by
Kee claims to have studied Tai Chi and some types of Kung Fu with
Kuk Jin YANG in China. His first two attempts at running a school of
Hwa Soo Do were unsuccessful. He then trained with Won Kyuk Lee at
the Chung Do Kwan, gaining the equivalent of a green belt. Lee
claims Kee was his student, but Kee disputes Lee's claim, and
acknowledges only Kuk Jin Yang as his teacher. Kee says he learned
the Shotokan forms from Gichin Funakoshi's books. When Kee started
teaching the Shotokan forms, his school became successful. Kee was
close friends with some noted Japanese karate people as well.
Regardless of the source of his skills, what Kee taught was
obviously highly influenced by Japanese karate. Kee originally
called his art Hwa Soo Do, then Tang Soo Do, then, in the 1990s,
Soo Bahk Do.
Song Moo Kwan - founded March 11, 1946 by
Byung Jick RO, who had studied Shotokan karate with Gichin Funakoshi
in Japan, and later called his art Tang Soo Do.
Kwon Bop Bu/Chang Moo Kwan - founded in
1946 by Byung In YOON, who had studied Chinese Kung Fu (ch'uan-fa)
in Manchuria and Shudokan karate with Kanken Toyama in Japan, and
later called his art Kwon Bop Kong Soo Do. Yoon went missing during
the Korean War. His teachings were carried on by his top student Nam
Suk LEE, who changed the name of the school to Chang Moo Kwan.
Yun Moo Kwan/Jidokwan - founded March 3,
1946 by Sang Sup CHUN, who had studied Shotokan karate with Gichin
Funakoshi in Japan, and later called his art Kong Soo Do. The full
name of this kwan was "Chosun Yun Moo Kwan Kong Soo Do Bu" (the
Chosun Yun Moo Kwan had been the original Japanese Judo school in
Korea for over 30 years previously). Chun went missing during the
Korean War; subsequently, this kwan voted to change it's name to
Later important Tae Kwon Do Kwans (post Korean War)
Han Moo Kwan - founded in August 1954 by Kyo Yoon LEE as an
offshoot of the Yun Moo Kwan/Jidokwan.
Oh Do Kwan - founded in 1955 by
Hong Hi CHOI,
Tae Hee NAM and Cha Kyo HAN as an offshoot of the Chung Do Kwan.
Kang Duk Kwan - founded in 1956 by Chul Hee
PARK and Jong Pyo HONG as an offshoot of the Kwon Bop Bu/Chang Moo
Jung Do Kwan - founded in 1956 by Yong Woo
LEE (died August, 2006) as an offshoot of the Chung Do Kwan.
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